Smart sponge could clean up oil spills

May 30, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Highly porous sponge selectively soaks up oil, sparing water and wildlife” Source: Northwestern Now Story Sponge can absorb more than 30 times its weight in oil and be reused up to several dozen times Secret lies in its oleophilic, hydrophobic, magnetic (OHM) nanocomposite coating Process can turn any cheap sponge [..]

New technology enables fast protein synthesis

May 29, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Automated tabletop machine could accelerate the development of novel drugs to treat cancer and other diseases.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office Many proteins are useful as drugs for disorders such as diabetes, cancer, and arthritis. Synthesizing artificial versions of these proteins is a time-consuming process that requires genetically [..]

A Multiplexed Microarray Platform (Affi-BAMS) for Targeted Proteomics by Adeptrix

May 29, 2020 Jeffrey C. Silva 0

“Affinity-Bead-Assisted Mass Spectrometry (Affi-BAMS) can simultaneously profile various proteins and applicable to all types of biological samples” By: Vladislav Bergo, Ph.D. CSO, Adeptrix Corp, Proteomic studies critically rely on multi-dimensional separation methods such as 2D-LC to simplify the complexity of enzymatically digested biological specimens before subsequent MS & MS/MS to efficiently [..]

Nanodevices show how cells change with time, by tracking from the inside

May 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“The nanodevices have the flexibility to register the movement of the cell’s cytoplasm as the one-cell embryo embarks on its voyage towards becoming a two-cell embryo.” Source: UNIVERSITY OF BATH For the first time, scientists have introduced minuscule tracking devices directly into the interior of mammalian cells, giving an unprecedented [..]

New technology can detect anti-virus antibody in 20 minutes

May 26, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“If a suitable reagent is developed, this technology could be used to detect antibodies against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus of COVID-19.” Source: Hokkaido University News Researchers have succeeded in detecting anti-avian influenza virus antibody in blood serum within 20 minutes, using a portable analyzer they have developed to conduct rapid [..]

New urine testing method holds promise for kidney stone sufferers

May 23, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Simpler test that can be done in doctor’s office offers results in 30 minutes” Source: Penn State An improved urine-testing system for people suffering from kidney stones inspired by nature and proposed by researchers from Penn State and Stanford University may enable patients to receive results within 30 minutes instead [..]

Genetic barcodes can ensure authentic DNA fingerprints

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Researchers propose a way of ensuring that genetic samples taken in the field for DNA fingerprinting arrive at the laboratory unaltered” Source: DUKE UNIVERSITY DURHAM, N.C. – Engineers at Duke University and the New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering have demonstrated a method for ensuring that an increasingly popular [..]

Machine-learning tool could help develop tougher materials

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Engineers develop a rapid screening system to test fracture resistance in billions of potential materials.” Source: David L. Chandler | MIT News Office For engineers developing new materials or protective coatings, there are billions of different possibilities to sort through. Lab tests or even detailed computer simulations to determine their [..]

MIT engineers propose a safer method for sharing ventilators

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Suggested design could make it easier to divide air flow for Covid-19 patients in emergencies when no other options are available.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office As more Covid-19 patients experience acute respiratory distress, there has been much debate over the idea of sharing ventilators, which involves splitting [..]

Study unveils details of how a widely used catalyst splits water

May 21, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Gold standard” material for generating oxygen from water divulges its molecular mechanisms.” Source: David L. Chandler | MIT News Office A crystalline compound called ruthenium dioxide is widely used in industrial processes, where it’s particularly important for catalyzing a chemical reaction that splits molecules of water and releases oxygen. But [..]

Compact electronic nose to identify human lung diseases

May 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This device is designed as flexible electronics that can analyze exhaled air, as well as identify pathologies of the respiratory tract and organs.” Source: SKOLKOVO INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SKOLTECH) Researchers from Russia and Italy have proposed a compact sensor system that can implement the functionality of the electronic [..]

A soft touch for robotic hardware

May 17, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Combined muscles and sensors made from soft materials allow for flexible robots” Source: UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO Robots can be made from soft materials, but the flexibility of such robots is limited by the inclusion of rigid sensors necessary for their control. Researchers created embedded sensors, to replace rigid sensors, that offer [..]

Silver nanocubes make point-of-care diagnostics easier to read

May 12, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Researchers use plasmonics to enhance fluorescent markers in lab-on-a-chip diagnostic devices” Source: DUKE UNIVERSITY DURHAM, N.C. – Engineers at Duke University have shown that nanosized silver cubes can make diagnostic tests that rely on fluorescence easier to read by making them more than 150 times brighter. Combined with an emerging [..]

New tool helps distinguish the cause of blood clots

May 12, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A tool that uses machine-learning technology can distinguish the cause of different types of blood clots based on subtle differences in their shape” Source: ELIFE A new tool using cutting-edge technology is able to distinguish different types of blood clots based on what caused them, according to a study published [..]

Peptides that can be taken as a pill

May 11, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This new method help to identify those peptides that binds a disease target of interest and survive enzymes of the gastrointestinal tract.” Source: ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FÉDÉRALE DE LAUSANNE Peptides are short chains of amino acids that occur in our body, in plants or bacteria to control diverse functions. Several peptides [..]

A closer look at superconductors

May 7, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“A new measuring method helps understand the physics of high-temperature superconductivity” Source: Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf From sustainable energy to quantum computers: high-temperature superconductors have the potential to revolutionize today’s technologies. Despite intensive research, however, we still lack the necessary basic understanding to develop these complex materials for widespread application. “Higgs spectroscopy” [..]

2D oxide flakes pick up surprise electrical properties

May 7, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Rice University lab detects piezoelectric effects in nanosheets due to defects” Source: Rice University News Rice University researchers have found evidence of piezoelectricity in lab-grown, two-dimensional flakes of molybdenum dioxide. Their investigation showed the surprise electrical properties are due to electrons trapped in defects throughout the material, which is less [..]

Novel device to improve performance of underactive bladders

May 5, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This innovation may open up a new treatment option for patients with underactive bladders in the near future.” Source: National University of Singapore News Individuals with an underactive bladder, for example following a spinal cord injury, often cannot sense bladder fullness or are unable to empty the bladder completely. This [..]

AI new tool for cardiac diagnosis

May 5, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Artificial intelligence (AI) can be a tool in healthcare to interpret ECG and detect diseases affecting the heart.” Source: UPPSALA UNIVERSITY Artificial intelligence (AI) can be a tool in healthcare to interpret ECG and detect diseases affecting the heart. Researchers at Uppsala University, together with cardiac specialists in Brazil, have developed [..]

Technique could enable cheaper fertilizer production

May 4, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“Chemical engineers take a step toward generating ammonia with small-scale, electrochemical reactors.” Source: Anne Trafton | MIT News Office Most of the world’s fertilizer is produced in large manufacturing plants, which require huge amounts of energy to generate the high temperatures and pressures needed to combine nitrogen and hydrogen into [..]

How many jobs do robots really replace?

May 4, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“MIT economist Daron Acemoglu’s new research puts a number on the job costs of automation.” Source: Peter Dizikes | MIT News Office This is part 1 of a three-part series examining the effects of robots and automation on employment, based on new research from economist and Institute Professor Daron Acemoglu. [..]

AI-supported test for very early signs of glaucoma progression

May 3, 2020 Vijay Soni 0

“This AI driven technology could help to accelerate clinical trials, and eventually may be used in detection and diagnostics” Source: UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON A new test can detect glaucoma progression 18 months earlier than the current gold standard method, according to results from a UCL-sponsored clinical trial. The technology, supported by [..]